Tonsil and Adenoid Infections

What are adenoids and tonsils? Does every child have it?

Adenoids and tonsils are two of the defense organs in the mouth and throat region. Adenoid, which is normally present in every child, is active in the first years of life and tends to grow. After the age of 6-7, the adenoid begins to regress. Adenoids can cause problems, especially in some children who start nursery and kindergarten and are introduced to microbes. Inflamed and enlarged adenoids can cause nasal congestion. Sleeping with your mouth open, snoring, and even breathing stops, especially during sleep, may occur.

Adenoids also play an important role in recurrent otitis media and fluid accumulation in the ear in children. In addition, adenoid enlargement, which causes nasal congestion for a long time and is not intervened, can negatively affect the development of the face, palate and teeth in the child.

What are adenoid and tonsil diseases?

The two main diseases of the tonsil tissue are tonsil enlargement and tonsillitis.

What is adenoid and tonsil enlargement, how should we treat it?

Tonsils that are enlarged enough to cause snoring and sleep apnea in children can be removed by surgery. This is actually the exact reason for tonsil surgery.

Bademcik ve Geniz Eti
Bademcik ve Geniz Eti

Is surgical treatment applied in adenoid and tonsillitis?

In addition to the enlargement of the tonsils, frequent inflammation of the tonsils in the same year and in successive years may also require tonsillectomy. The healthiest way to decide on tonsil surgery due to frequent inflammation is the tonsil examination performed by the doctor during the illness.

Is surgical treatment applied in adenoid and tonsillitis?

Adenoid and tonsil surgeries are performed under general anesthesia and through the mouth, without any external incision. In some children, both adenoid and tonsil surgery, in some children only adenoid surgery, in some children, tonsil surgery is performed alone without removing the adenoid.

How is adenoid and tonsil surgery performed?

Adenoid can be removed by scraping directly or by using special tools with camera. The risk of reoccurrence of adenoid is very low. Tonsil surgery is performed using ‘thermal welding’ or ‘coblation’ technology.

What are the risks after adenoid and tonsil surgery?

Pain after adenoid and tonsil surgery in pediatric patients is rare and can be relieved with simple painkillers. The risk of bleeding is much less in children compared to adult patients. Despite this, although very rarely, early bleeding that occurs immediately after surgery and late bleeding that occurs around the 7th day can be seen.

While the technology and surgical techniques used during the surgery reduce the risk of early bleeding, compliance with the medication and food list will significantly reduce the risk of late bleeding. Despite this, bleeding that occurs very rarely are complications that can be resolved with careful and quick interventions.

After tonsil and adenoid surgery, there is no negative effect on the immune system in the long term, since there are too many tissues to replace these tissues in the body.

More detailed information will be given about the conditions to be considered before and after the surgery, possible complications and possible risks.